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  • Nepean

  • Nepean /nəˈpən/ is a part of Ottawa, Ontario, located west of Ottawa's inner core. It was formerly a city in its own right until amalgamated with the Regional Municipality of Ottawa-Carleton in 2001 to become the new city of Ottawa. However, the name "Nepean" continues in common usage in reference to the area. The population of Nepean is about 180,000 people.

    Although the neighbouring municipality of Kanata formed the entrepreneurial and high tech center of the region, Nepean hosted noted industries such as Nortel Networks,JDS Uniphase and Gandalf Technologies. As with the rest of the National Capital Region, however, Nepean's economy was also heavily dependent on federal government employment. Most of Nepean's employed residents commute to downtown Ottawa or Kanata for work.[1]

    Nepean's policies of operational and capital budgeting prudence contrasted with the budget philosophies of some other municipalities in the area. Nepean instituted a strict 'pay-as-you-go' budgeting scheme. The city entered amalgamation with a large surplus and a record of tax restraint. However, most big-ticket municipal infrastructure items (transit, garbage collection, sanitary sewers, water, arterial roads, police, social services) were the responsibility of the Regional Municipality of Ottawa-Carleton, not the former City of Nepean.

    Prior to amalgamation, Nepean's City Council spent many tax dollars aggressively campaigning against what they (and their allies) referred to as the "megacity" model. The central plank of the strategy was to promote a tri-city model, which would have seen the 10 municipalities of the Ottawa region reduced to three: one in the west (comprising Nepean, Kanata and the western rural municipalities), one in the east (comprising Gloucester, Cumberland and the eastern rural municipalities) and one in the centre (comprising Ottawa, Vanier and Rockcliffe Park). These efforts were in vain, as the one-city model eventually prevailed. (The one-city model was recommended by Glen Shortliffe, who was appointed by the Government of Ontario to study the issue of municipal reform in Ottawa-Carleton.)

  • 200px-Nepean_Ontario_locator_map.png
  • The limits of the former City of Nepean within the current City of Ottawa

  • History

    Nepean Township, originally known as Township D, was established in 1792 and originally included what is now the central area of Ottawa west of the Rideau River. Jehiel Collins, from Vermont, is believed to have been the first person to settle in Nepean Township, on the future site of Bytown. Nepean was incorporated as a city on November 24, 1978. The geographic boundaries of Nepean changed considerably over this time; the original town hall of the township of Nepean was located inWestboro, which was annexed in 1949 by the city of Ottawa. Nepean's centre then moved to the community of Bells Corners. In the 1950 and 1960s, Nepean's urban area began to expand in previous rural areas in such areas as Centrepointe in the east, and Barrhaven in the south.

    Prior to its amalgamation with 10 other municipalities into the new city of Ottawa in 2001, the population of Nepean was 124,878. The 2006 census population was 138,596.

    Nepean was named after Sir Evan Nepean, British Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department from 1782 to 1791.

    A Nepean quarry provided the sandstone blocks that were the principal building material used in the ;Parliament Buildings in downtown Ottawa.

  • Demographics

    According to the Canada 2001 Census:

    • Population: 124,878
    • % Change (1996–2001): 8.5
    • Dwellings: 44,685
    • Area (km2.): 217.00
    • Density (persons per km2.): 575.5

     

  • Education

    Public schools in Nepean are administered by Ottawa-Carleton District School Board. Catholic schools, or "separate schools", are administered by the Ottawa-Carleton Catholic School Board. The secular Anglophone board's headquarters[citation needed] and the Catholic board's headquarters are located within Nepean itself.[3]

    Francophone education is provided by the Conseil des écoles publiques de l'Est de l'Ontario (CÉPEO) and the Conseil des écoles catholiques du Centre-Est (CECCE).

    Schools in Nepean include:

    Public Schools

    Elementary

    • Adrienne Clarkson Elementary School
    • Barrhaven Public School
    • Bayshore Public School
    • Bells Corners Public School
    • Berrigan Elementary School
    • Briargreen Public School
    • Cedarview Middle School
    • Century Public School
    • Chapman Mills Public School
    • D. Aubrey Moodie Intermediate School
    • Farley Mowat Public School
    • Greenbank Public Middle School
    • Jockvale Elementary School
    • Knoxdale Public School
    • Lakeview Public School
    • Leslie Park Public School
    • École élémentaire publique Michaelle-Jean
    • Manordale Public School
    • Mary Honeywell Elementary School
    • Meadowlands Public School
    • Sir Winston Middle School
       

    Secondary

    Special Education

    • Crystal Bay Centre for Special Education
       

    Alternate Education

    • Elizabeth Wyn Wood Secondary Alternate Program
       

    Closed

    Catholic Schools

    Elementary

    • Frank Ryan Catholic Senior Elementary School
    • Monsignor Paul Baxter School
    • Our Lady of Peace School
    • Pope John XXIII School
    • St. Andrew School
    • St. Elizabeth Ann Seton School
    • St. Emily School
    • St. Gregory School
    • St. John the Apostle School
    • St. Luke School, Nepean
    • St. Monica School
    • St. Patrick School
    • St. Rita School
    • St. Rose of Lima School
       

    Secondary

    • Mother Teresa High School
    • St. Joseph High School
    • École Secondaire Catholique Pierre-Savard
       

    Continuing Education

    • St. Patrick's Adult School
       
  • Museums

    Nepean Museum located at 16 Rowley Avenue, Nepean Ontario is a museum that collects, preserves, researchs, exhibits and interprets the works of man and nature in Nepean.

    Media

    "Nepean This Week" (http://www.nepeanthisweek.com/) is a weekly publication distributed in the Nepean area.

    The Ottawa area's CTV affiliate, CTV Ottawa formerly known as CJOH-TV was headquartered on Merivale Road in Nepean. The studio was home to shows such asGraham Kerr's The Galloping Gourmet, and the cult children's classic You Can't Do That on Television. The building was ravaged by a fire on February 7, 2010 and was demolished in 2011.[4][5] The Merivale Road complex is still home to Corus Entertainment's English-language stations CKQB-FM and CJOT-FM.